Feasibility and efficacy of pairing fecal immunochemical testing with mammography for increasing colorectal cancer screening among uninsured Latinas in northern Manhattan
Objectives: We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a program to promote colorectal cancer screening (CRC) among uninsured Latinas receiving mammography through a cancer screening clinic in northern Manhattan.
Methods: Between August 2009 and March 2010, unscreened, average CRC risk, uninsured Latinas, aged 50–64 years, undergoing mammography received a screening recommendation, education, and fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Socio-demographic information and level of acculturation was collected. Screening compliance was assessed.
Results: Of 651 Latinas evaluated, 210 were eligible and, of these, 94% (n = 197) consented to participate; 441 were excluded because they were up-to-date with CRC screening (n = 130), less than 50 (n = 285) or greater than 64 (n = 26) years of age. After intervention, 177 (90%) completed FIT. Within 2 weeks, 87% completed the FIT, and 69% did so with no reminder calls. Acculturation was significantly lower among screeners (p = 0.014). Compared with non-screeners, screeners were more likely to be foreign-born (p = 0.009), to speak only Spanish (p = 0.043), and to prefer to read (p = 0.037), and think (p = 0.015) in Spanish.
Conclusion: This study suggests that pairing CRC education and screening with mammography is both feasible and efficacious.
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- Preventive Medicine