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Social Times of Network Spaces: Network Sequences and Foreign Investment in Hungary

Stark, David C.; Vedres, Balazs

To model, from its inception, interenterprise network formation and its interaction with foreign investment across an entire epoch of rapid and profound economic transformation, the authors gathered data on the complete ownership histories of 1,696 of the largest Hungarian enterprises from 1987 to 2001. They develop a social sequence analysis to identify distinctive pathways whereby firms use network resources to buffer uncertainty, hide or restructure assets, or gain knowledge and legitimacy. During this period, networked property grew, stabilized, and involved a growing proportion of foreign capital. Cohesive networks of recombinant property were robust, and in fact integrated foreign investment. Although multinationals, through their subsidiaries, dissolved ties in joint venture arrangements, the authors find evidence that they also built durable networks. These findings suggest that developing economies do not necessarily face a forced choice between networks of global reach and those of local embeddedness.

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Published In
American Journal of Sociology
Publisher DOI
https://doi.org/10.1086/499507
Volume
111
Issue
5
Pages
1367 - 1411
Publisher
University of Chicago Press
Academic Units
Sociology
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