Depression and cardiovascular disease: Selected findings, controversies, and clinical implications from 2009

Davidson, Karina W.; Rom Korin, Maya

We systematically searched published empirical research on depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and found 494 unique articles published in 2009. Several particularly notable and provocative findings and controversies emerged from this survey of the 2009 literature. First, multiple large observational studies found that antidepressant use was associated with increased risk of incident stroke, CVD, or sudden cardiac death. Second, four randomized controlled trials on depression interventions in CVD patients reported important efficacy results that should guide future trials. Finally, the vigorous debate on whether patients with CVD should be routinely screened (and subsequently treated) for depression continued in 2009 even as some observed that routine screening for CVD in depressed patients is more evidence-based and appropriate. This article reviews these selected provocative findings and controversies from our search and explores their clinical implications.


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Also Published In

Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine

More About This Work

Academic Units
Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health
Published Here
April 4, 2016