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Perceived Parenting and Depression in Adolescents: The Unique Contributions of Attention and Engagement

Katcher, Elizabeth

Specific parenting behaviors, parental style, and quality of relationship are often confounded when examining predictors of adolescent depression. Using Wave I of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (N = 4,301), the author examined quality of relationship as a potential mediator of parenting behaviors and adolescent depression. Furthermore, the relationship between teachable parenting behaviors and their contribution to adolescent depression was examined, above and beyond quality of relationship with parent and parental style (discussed as parental warmth in this study). As significant differences have been demonstrated in adolescent depression for girls and boys, as well as age, the data was analyzed by age and gender categories. A series of hierarchical linear regressions were performed to test these relationships and significant differences were found by age and gender. Results indicated that for some age/gender groups, both participating in activities with parents and parental warmth was related to a better quality of relationship, which in turn was related to lower levels of adolescent depression. Additionally, for some age/gender groups, teachable parenting behaviors (activities with parents, family meals, and parental monitoring) were significantly related to adolescent depression, above and beyond the contribution of parental style (parental warmth) and quality of relationship. However, communication with parents and parental presence at key points throughout the day were not related to adolescent depression.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Clinical Psychology
Thesis Advisors
Miller, Lisa
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 3, 2014
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