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New Perspectives on Gata Redundancy in Mouse Embryogenesis

Borok, Matthew Jay

Gata4 and Gata6 are closely related transcription factors that are essential for the development of a number of embryonic tissues. While they have nearly identical DNA-binding domains and similar patterns of expression, Gata4 and Gata6 null embryos have strikingly different embryonic lethal phenotypes. Conditional deletion of these genes in the pancreas has also revealed specific functions for each factor in this organ. To investigate the role of these genes in pancreatic development, we performed a number of biochemical experiments on pancreatic cell lines and mutant tissues. We found that Gata4 and Gata6 regulate overlapping sets of genes in the developing pancreas. To determine whether the lack of global redundancy between Gata4 and Gata6 is due to differences in protein function or Gata4 and Gata6 expression domains, we generated mice that contained the Gata6 cDNA in place of the Gata4 genomic locus. Gata4Gata6/Gata6 embryos survived through embryonic day (e)12.5 and successfully underwent ventral folding morphogenesis, demonstrating that Gata6 is able to replace Gata4 function in extraembryonic tissues. Interestingly, Gata6 is unable to replace Gata4 function in the septum transversum mesenchyme or the epicardium, leading to liver agenesis and lethal heart defects in Gata4Gata6/Gata6 embryos. These studies suggest that Gata4 has evolved distinct functions in the development of these tissues that cannot be performed by Gata6, even when it is provided in the identical expression domain. Our work has important implications for the respective mechanisms of Gata function during development, as well as the functional evolution of these essential transcription factors.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Genetics and Development
Thesis Advisors
Sussel, Lori
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
September 22, 2015
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