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Theses Doctoral

Neuronavigation-Guided Transcranial Ultrasound: Development towards a Clinical System and Protocol for Blood-Brain Barrier Opening

Wu, Shih-Ying

Brain diseases including neurological disorders and tumors remain undertreated due to the challenge in accessing the brain, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricting drug delivery, which also profoundly limits the development of pharmacological treatment. Focused ultrasound (FUS) with acoustic agents including microbubbles and nanodroplets remains as the only method to open the BBB noninvasively, locally, and transiently to assist drug delivery. For an ideal medical system to serve a broad patient population, it requires precise and flexible targeting with simulation to personalize treatment, real-time monitoring to ensure safety and effectiveness, and rapid application, as repetitive pharmacological treatment is often required. Since none of current systems fulfills all the requirements, here we designed a neuronavigation-guided FUS system with protocol assessed in in vivo mice, in vivo non-human primates, and human skulls from in silico preplanning, online FUS treatment and real-time acoustic monitoring and mapping, to post-treatment assessment using MRI. Both sedate and awake non-human primates were evaluated with total treatment time averaging 30 min and 3-mm targeting accuracy in cerebral cortex and subcortical structures. The FUS system developed would enable transcranial FUS in patients with high accuracy and independent of MRI guidance.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Biomedical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Konofagou, Elisa E.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
January 4, 2017
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