Academic Commons

Articles

Rapid re-identification of human samples using portable DNA sequencing

Zaaijer, Sophie; Gordon, Assaf; Speyer, Daniel; Piccone, Robert; Groen, Simon Cornelis; Erlich, Yaniv

DNA re-identification is used for a broad suite of applications, ranging from cell line authentication to forensics. However, current re-identification schemes suffer from high latency and limited access. Here, we describe a rapid, inexpensive, and portable strategy to robustly re-identify human DNA called 'MinION sketching'. MinION sketching requires as few as 3 min of sequencing and 60-300 random SNPs to re-identify a sample enabling near real-time applications of DNA re-identification. Our method capitalizes on the rapidly growing availability of genomic reference data for cell lines, tissues in biobanks, and individuals. This empowers the application of MinION sketching in research and clinical settings for periodic cell line and tissue authentication. Importantly, our method enables considerably faster and more robust cell line authentication relative to current practices and could help to minimize the amount of irreproducible research caused by mix-ups and contamination in human cell and tissue cultures.

Files

  • thumnail for elife-27798-figures-v2.pdf elife-27798-figures-v2.pdf application/pdf 2.16 MB Download File

Also Published In

More About This Work

Academic Units
Data Science Institute
Computer Science
Published Here
August 12, 2018
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.