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Alterations in Diastolic Function in Masked Hypertension: Findings from the Masked Hypertension Study

Oe, Yukiko; Shimbo, Daichi; Ishikawa, Joji; Okajima, Kazue; Hasegawa, Takuya; Diaz, Keith; Muntner, Paul; Homma, Shunichi; Schwartz, Joseph E.

BACKGROUND In a prior study of patients with diabetes, diastolic function was similarly impaired in masked hypertension (MHT) and sustained hypertension (SHT). We evaluated whether MHT is associated with impaired diastolic function compared with SHT and sustained normotension (NT) in the general population.

METHODS From February 2005 to December 2010, 798 participants without a history of cardiovascular disease or treated hypertension, were enrolled in the Masked Hypertension Study. Participants underwent clinic blood pressure (CBP) and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) measurements. A 2-dimensional Doppler echocardiogram was performed to evaluate diastolic function,s cardiac structure, volume, and systolic function. The 9 CBPs obtained across 3 clinic visits and awake ABP measurements were averaged. Clinic hypertension was defined as systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) ≥ 140/90 mmHg. Ambulatory hypertension was defined as awake SBP/DBP ≥ 135/85mm Hg. MHT was defined as having ambulatory but not clinic hypertension. White-coat hypertensives (n = 8) were excluded from the analysis.

RESULTS Of the 790 participants, 116 (14.7%) participants had MHT, 37 (4.7%) participants had SHT, and 637 (80.6%) participants had NT. After age, sex, race/ethnicity, and body mass index adjustment, compared with NT, E’-velocities were significantly lower in MHT (P < 0.01) and SHT (P < 0.05), and E/E’ ratios were significantly higher MHT (P < 0.05) and SHT (P < 0.05). These associations were independent of left ventricular mass. Diastolic function parameters did not significantly differ between MHT and SHT.

CONCLUSIONS Diastolic function was impaired in MHT compared with NT independent of changes in left ventricular mass.

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Also Published In

Title
American Journal of Hypertension
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpt021

More About This Work

Academic Units
Medicine
Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Published Here
June 17, 2016
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