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Theses Doctoral

Next Generation Silicon Photonic Transceiver: From Device Innovation to System Analysis

Guan, Hang

Silicon photonics is recognized as a disruptive technology that has the potential to reshape many application areas, for example, data center communication, telecommunications, high-performance computing, and sensing. The key capability that silicon photonics offers is to leverage CMOS-style design, fabrication, and test infrastructure to build compact, energy-efficient, and high-performance integrated photonic systems-on- chip at low cost. As the need to squeeze more data into a given bandwidth and a given footprint increases, silicon photonics becomes more and more promising. This work develops and demonstrates novel devices, methodologies, and architectures to resolve the challenges facing the next-generation silicon photonic transceivers. The first part of this thesis focuses on the topology optimization of passive silicon photonic devices. Specifically, a novel device optimization methodology - particle swarm optimization in conjunction with 3D finite-difference time-domain (FDTD), has been proposed and proven to be an effective way to design a wide range of passive silicon photonic devices. We demonstrate a polarization rotator and a 90◦ optical hybrid for polarization-diversity and phase-diversity communications - two important schemes to increase the communication capacity by increasing the spectral efficiency. The second part of this thesis focuses on the design and characterization of the next- generation silicon photonic transceivers. We demonstrate a polarization-insensitive WDM receiver with an aggregate data rate of 160 Gb/s. This receiver adopts a novel architecture which effectively reduces the polarization-dependent loss. In addition, we demonstrate a III-V/silicon hybrid external cavity laser with a tuning range larger than 60 nm in the C-band on a silicon-on-insulator platform. A III-V semiconductor gain chip is hybridized into the silicon chip by edge-coupling to the silicon chip. The demonstrated packaging method requires only passive alignment and is thus suitable for high-volume production. We also demonstrate all silicon-photonics-based transmission of 34 Gbaud (272 Gb/s) dual-polarization 16-QAM using our integrated laser and silicon photonic coherent transceiver. The results show no additional penalty compared to commercially available narrow linewidth tunable lasers. The last part of this thesis focuses on the chip-scale optical interconnect and presents two different types of reconfigurable memory interconnects for multi-core many-memory computing systems. These reconfigurable interconnects can effectively alleviate the memory access issues, such as non-uniform memory access, and Network-on-Chip (NoC) hot-spots that plague the many-memory computing systems by dynamically directing the available memory bandwidth to the required memory interface.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Bergman, Keren
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
September 7, 2018