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The Influence of Cognitive Reserve on Strategy Selection in Normal Aging

Barulli, Daniel James; Rakitin, Brian C.; Lemaire, Patrick; Stern, Yaakov

Cognitive reserve (CR) has been proposed as a latent variable that can account for the frequent discrepancy between an individual's underlying level of brain pathology and their observed clinical outcome. A possible behavioral manifestation of CR is best strategy choice. Older adults have been shown to choose sub-optimal strategies for performing various tasks. The present study attempted to investigate whether greater levels of CR could predict greater strategy selection, particularly in older adults. A computational estimation task was administered to 20 healthy young adults (mean age = 24.7 +/- 3.6; 20-31 years) and 18 healthy older adults (68.2 +/- 4.5; 62-77 years) wherein participants needed to estimate the product of two two-digit numbers by using one of two strategies. The results revealed an effect of age group on strategy choice and supported the hypothesis that CR is associated with increased strategy selection abilities.

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Also Published In

Title
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617713000593

More About This Work

Academic Units
Neurology
Published Here
February 24, 2018
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