Academic Commons

Articles

Intimate partner violence and substance abuse among minority women receiving care from an inner-city emergency department

El-Bassel, Nabila; Gilbert, Louisa; Witte, Susan S.; Wu, Elwin; Gaeta, Theodore; Schilling, Robert F.; Wada, Takeshi

Objective. The study describes the rates of lifetime and current IPV among women awaiting care in an emergency department and explores the association between IPV and having a drug abuse problem, and IPV and having an alcohol abuse problem, after controlling for demographic factors and history of childhood victimization.
Methods. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 143 low-level triaged women recruited from an inner-city emergency department.
Results. Nearly one-half reported ever experiencing IPV, and over 18% reported IPV during the year before the interview. A higher proportion of abused women reported a history of regular crack, cocaine, or heroin use and visiting shooting galleries or crack houses. Participants who were physically abused by their partner during the past year (15%, n = 21) were more likely than nonabused women (85%, n = 122) to report higher scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) (4.9 vs. 2.4), a measure of alcohol-related problems, and the Drug Abuse Severity Test (DAST) (3.0 vs. 1.3), a measure of drug-related problems. Sexually abused women (6%, n = 9) were more likely than their counterparts (94%, n = 134) to have significantly higher AUDIT scores (6.4 vs. 2.5). The findings have implications for how the intersecting public health problems of IPV and substance abuse should be taken into consideration in research and patient care protocols in emergency departments.

Files

  • thumnail for elbassel 2003  WHI 13 16.pdf elbassel 2003 WHI 13 16.pdf application/pdf 100 KB Download File

Also Published In

Title
Women's Health Issues
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1049-3867(02)00142-1

More About This Work

Academic Units
Social Work
Social Intervention Group
Published Here
April 19, 2018
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.