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Vibration control of super tall buildings subjected to wind loads

Chai, Winston; Feng, Maria Q.

Excessive vibration due to wind loads is a major obstacle in design and construction of a super tall building. The authors recently introduced an innovative method for controlling the wind response of super tall buildings, which takes advantage of the so-called mega-sub structural configuration. Preliminary investigation was performed under the assumption that the wind load is a white noise and the building can be modeled as a shear structure. In this paper, a more reasonable tall building model (a cantilever beam) and a more realistic wind load model (a non-white stochastic process in time and space) are employed to design passive and hybrid mega-sub control systems and to examine the performance of such controlled buildings. Building vibration in both along-wind and across-wind directions is examined. The control parameters of the proposed systems, including the frequency ratio of the sub to the mega structures, the damping ratio of the sub structure, and the feedback gains of the actuator force, are studied and their optimal values are obtained. For comparison, a tall building without control and one with the conventional tuned-mass-damper control are also studied under the same load conditions. The significant cost-effectiveness of the proposed mega-sub systems is demonstrated in reducing the acceleration and deformation responses of tall buildings to wind loads, not only enhancing the safety of structure and its contents but also improving the comfort of occupants.

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Also Published In

Title
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7462(96)00094-7

More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 25, 2013
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