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The case for a framework agreement on investment

Hufbauer, Gary; Stephenson, Sherry

Looking at a rear-view mirror, skeptics assert that efforts to create a plurilateral Investment Framework Agreement (IFA) are doomed. We argue that conditions on the ground have changed: in the 2010s, unlike the 1990s, many countries would welcome an IFA under WTO auspices.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
Columbia FDI Perspectives, 116
Published Here
March 14, 2014


A Chinese version of this paper is available at

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