The connection between El Nino and climate is not restricted merely to the region directly touched by the El Nino current; rather, it is a global pattern of anomalies referred to as the Southern Oscillation. Major El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events, such as those of 1891 or 1982, have profound global ecological, social, arid economic consequences. ENSO is also of scientific interest as the best-defined, most prominent signal in year-to-year climate variability. As such, it is widely perceived as an entree to a broader understanding of the atmosphere and ocean as a coupled climate system.
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- Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences