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Hepatitis C Virus Infection as a Traumatic Experience

Morais-de-Jesus, Mychelle; Daltro-Oliveira, Renato; Pettersen, Karine Miranda; Dantas-Duarte, Adriana; Di-Domizio Amaral, Luciana; Cavalcanti-Ribeiro, Patricia; Santos, Carlos Teles; Schinoni, Maria Isabel; Netto, Liana R.; Araújo-de-Freitas, Lucas; Paraná, Raymundo; Miranda-Scippa, Ângela; Koenen, Karestan C.; Quarantini, Lucas C.

Objective
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether individuals consider their HCV infection to be a potentially traumatic experience. Additionally, we investigated its association with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and the impact of PTSD diagnosis on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in HCV infected subjects.

Methods
We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 127 HCV-infected outpatients recruited at a University Hospital in Salvador, Brazil. All subjects answered an orally-administered questionnaire to gather clinical and socio-demographic data. We investigated traumatic experiences and the subject's perception of the disease using the Trauma History Questionnaire. PTSD and other psychiatric diagnoses were assessed through the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Brazilian Version 5.0.0 (M.I.N.I. PLUS). HRQoL was assessed using Short-Form 36 (SF-36).

Results
Approximately 38.6% of the patients considered hepatitis C to be a traumatic experience. Of these, 60.7% had a PTSD diagnosis. PTSD was associated with significant impairment in quality of life for individuals in seven SF-36 domains as shown bymultivariate analysis: Role-Physical (β: −24.85; 95% CI: −42.08; −7.61), Bodily Pain (β: −19.36; 95% CI: −31.28; −7.45), General Health (β: −20.79; 95% CI: −29.65; −11.92), Vitality (β: −11.92; 95% CI: −20.74; −3.1), Social Functioning (β: −34.73; 95% CI: −46.79; −22.68), Role-Emotional (β: −26.07; 95% CI: −44.61; −7.53), Mental Health (β: −17.46; 95% CI: −24.38; −10.54).

Conclusion
HCV is frequently a traumatic experience and it is strongly associated with PTSD diagnosis. PTSD significantly impaired HRQoL.

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Academic Units
Epidemiology
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Published Here
June 3, 2016
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