Google Ngrams for Individualism: Do They Trace a Loss of Innovation?

Phelps, Edmund S.

A discussion of using Google Ngrams to interrogate the thesis of Phelps' 2013 book "Mass Flourishing: How Grassroots Innovation Created Jobs, Challenge, and Change"--that it was key modernist values, such as individualism, vitalism and self-expression, that stimulated the innovation that sprouted up in 19th century Britain, America, Germany and France.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Center on Capitalism and Society
Center on Capitalism and Society, Columbia University
Center on Capitalism and Society Working Papers, 104
Published Here
December 18, 2017


Remarks given at the Center on Capitalism and Society's 15th annual conference, ‚ÄčThe Age of the Individual: 500 Years Ago Today, which was held on October 31, 2017 at Columbia University.