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Theses Doctoral

Efficient spin-photon interface for solid-state-based spin systems for quantum information processing and enhanced metrology

Zheng, Jiabao

The holy grail for quantum engineers and scientists is to build the quantum internet that spans over the entire globe. This information infrastructure holds the promise for transmitting information securely, scaling up computing power exponentially and setting the standards for precision measurement at the ultimate limit. Solid-state-based spin systems recently emerge as promising building blocks for the quantum internet. Among these candidates, the negatively charged nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond attracted much attention thanks to its optical addressability, long spin coherence times, and well-controlled electronic orbitals and spin states. However, the non-ideal optical properties of NV poses a challenge to its implementation in quantum technologies. This calls for building photonic structures as efficient spin-photon interfaces for realizing strong interactions with photon modes or efficient out-coupling of its fluorescence. Such interfacing structures are also of great importance for other optically active spin-systems newly found.
In this dissertation, chirped dielectric cavities are designed for building NV as fast single photon sources via broadband Purcell enhancement, using an inverse simulation approach to maximize the broadband absorption of the atomically thin absorbers. Simulated NV-cavity coupling indicates broadband Purcell factor of ∼> 100. Next, to realize coupled NV-cavity systems over large scale, a self-aligned nano-implantation technique is investigated using a lithographically defined hybrid mask for both precision pattern transfer and nitrogen implantation. Measured results show single-NV per cavity yield of ∼ 26±1% and 5-fold Purcell induced intensity enhancement. Finally, chirped circular gratings are designed for efficient collection from the NV for remote entanglement and precision sensing. Simulated grating structures present near-unity collection efficiencies. These demonstrated techniques and structures are also applicable to other solid-state-based spin systems.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Englund, Dirk R.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 24, 2017
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