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Immigration, family responsibilities and the labor supply of skilled native women

Farre, Lidia; Gonzalez, Libertad; Ortega, Francesc

This paper investigates the effects of Spain's large recent immigration wave on the labor supply of highly skilled native women. We hypothesize that female immigration led to an increase in the supply of affordable household services, such as housekeeping and child or elderly care. As a result, i) native females with high earnings potential were able to increase their labor supply, and ii) the effects were larger on skilled women whose labor supply was heavily constrained by family responsibilities. Our evidence indicates that over the last decade immigration led to an important expansion in the size of the household services sector and to an increase in the labor supply of women in high-earning occupations (of about 2 hours a week). We also find that immigration allowed skilled native women to return to work sooner after childbirth, to stay in the workforce longer when having elderly dependents in the household, and to postpone retirement. Methodologically, we show that the availability of even limited Registry data makes it feasible to analyze the effects of immigration using quarterly household survey data, as opposed to having to rely on the decennial Census.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Columbia Population Research Center
Publisher
Columbia Population Research Center
Series
Columbia Population Research Center Working Papers, 09-13
Published Here
January 12, 2011

Notes

September 2009.