Properties of a Polar Coronal Hole During the Solar Minimum in 2007

Hahn, Michael; Landi, E.; Bryans, P.; Miralles, M. P.; Savin, Daniel Wolf

We report measurements of a polar coronal hole during the recent solar minimum using the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode. Five observations are analyzed that span the polar coronal hole from the central meridian to the boundary with the quiet-Sun corona. We study the observations above the solar limb in the height range of 1.03-1.20 R ☉. The electron temperature T e and emission measure (EM) are found using a geometric mean emission measure method. The EM derived from the elements Fe, Si, S, and Al are compared in order to measure relative coronal-to-photospheric abundance enhancement factors. We also studied the ion temperature T i and the non-thermal velocity v nt using the line profiles. All these measurements are compared to polar coronal hole observations from the previous (1996-1997) solar minimum and to model predictions for relative abundances. There are many similarities in the physical properties of the polar coronal holes between the two minima at these low heights. We find that the electron density, T e, and T i are comparable in both minima. T e shows a comparable gradient with height. Both minima show a decreasing T i with increasing charge-to-mass ratio q/M. A previously observed upturn of T i for ions above q/M>0.25 was not found here. We also compared relative coronal-to-photospheric elemental abundance enhancement factors for a number of elements. These ratios were ~1 for both the low first ionization potential (FIP) elements Si and Al and the marginally high FIP element S relative to the low FIP element Fe, as is expected based on earlier observations and models for a polar coronal hole. These results are consistent with no FIP effect in a polar coronal hole.


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The Astrophysical Journal

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Academic Units
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Published Here
March 22, 2013