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Instantaneous damage detection of bridge structures and experimental verification

Feng, Maria Q.; Soyoz, Serdar

An extended Kalman filtering (EKF) method was developed and applied to instantaneously identify elemental stiffness values of a structure during damaging seismic events based on vibration measurement. This method is capable of dealing with nonlinear as well as linear structural responses. Identification of the structural elemental stiffness enables location as well as quantification of structural damage. The instantaneous stiffness values during an event can provide highly useful information for post-event capacity estimation. In this study, a large-scale shaking table test of a three-bent concrete bridge model was performed in order to verify the proposed damage detection method. The bridge model was shaken to different damage levels by a sequence of earthquake motions with increasing intensities. The elemental stiffness values of the structure were instantaneously identified in real time during the damaging earthquake excitations using the EKF method. The identified stiffness degradations and their locations agreed well with the structural damage observed by visual inspection and strain measurements. More importantly, the seismic response accelerations analytically simulated using the instantaneous stiffness values thus identified agreed well with the measured accelerations, demonstrating the accuracy of the identified stiffness. This study presents an experimental verification of a structural damage detection method using a realistic bridge model subjected to realistic seismic damage.


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Also Published In

Structural Control and Health Monitoring

More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 27, 2013