Academic Commons

Articles

Patient-Specific Metrics of Invasiveness Reveal Significant Prognostic Benefit of Resection in a Predictable Subset of Gliomas

Baldock, Anne L.; Ahn, Sunyoung; Rockne, Russell; Johnston, Sandra; Neal, Maxwell; Corwin, David; Clark-Swanson, Kamala; Sterin, Greg; Trister, Andrew D.; Malone, Hani; Ebiana, Victoria; Sonabend Worthalter, Adam Mendel; Mrugala, Maciej; Rockhill, Jason K.; Silbergeld, Daniel L.; Lai, Albert; Cloughesy, Timothy; McKhann II, Guy M.; Bruce, Jeffrey N.; Rostomily, Robert C.; Canoll, Peter D.; Swanson, Kristin R.

Object
Malignant gliomas are incurable, primary brain neoplasms noted for their potential to extensively invade brain parenchyma. Current methods of clinical imaging do not elucidate the full extent of brain invasion, making it difficult to predict which, if any, patients are likely to benefit from gross total resection. Our goal was to apply a mathematical modeling approach to estimate the overall tumor invasiveness on a patient-by-patient basis and determine whether gross total resection would improve survival in patients with relatively less invasive gliomas.

Methods
In 243 patients presenting with contrast-enhancing gliomas, estimates of the relative invasiveness of each patient's tumor, in terms of the ratio of net proliferation rate of the glioma cells to their net dispersal rate, were derived by applying a patient-specific mathematical model to routine pretreatment MR imaging. The effect of varying degrees of extent of resection on overall survival was assessed for cohorts of patients grouped by tumor invasiveness.

Results
We demonstrate that patients with more diffuse tumors showed no survival benefit (P = 0.532) from gross total resection over subtotal/biopsy, while those with nodular (less diffuse) tumors showed a significant benefit (P = 0.00142) with a striking median survival benefit of over eight months compared to sub-totally resected tumors in the same cohort (an 80% improvement in survival time for GTR only seen for nodular tumors).

Conclusions
These results suggest that our patient-specific, model-based estimates of tumor invasiveness have clinical utility in surgical decision making. Quantification of relative invasiveness assessed from routinely obtained pre-operative imaging provides a practical predictor of the benefit of gross total resection.

Files

Also Published In

More About This Work

Academic Units
Pathology and Cell Biology
Neurological Surgery
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Published Here
June 2, 2016
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.