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Reply to Ruan et al. (2017): Non-medical use of prescription opioids is associated with heroin initiation among US veterans.

Banerjee, Geetanjoli; Edelman, E. Jennifer; Barry, Declan T.; Becker, William C.; Cerdá, Magdalena; Crystal, Stephen; Gaither, Julie R.; Gordon, Adam J.; Gordon, Kirsha S.; Kerns, Robert D.; Martins, Silvia S.; Fiellin, David A.; Marshall, Brandon D. L.

We thank Ruan and colleagues for their letter and appreciate their comments regarding our recent study, which demonstrated an independent association between non-medical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) and heroin initiation among US veterans.


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April 19, 2017
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