Academic Commons


Children in Urban Areas Are Increasingly Low Income

Koball, Heather; Douglas-Hall, Ayana; Chau, Michelle M.

Nearly one-third of Americans live in urban areas. Although cities offer many social and economic opportunities, children in urban areas are more likely to live in low-income families than are rural or suburban children. Material hardship can have negative, long-term social, emotional, and developmental consequences for children; children in urban areas are disproportionately vulnerable.

Geographic Areas


More About This Work

Academic Units
National Center for Children in Poverty
National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University
Published Here
July 7, 2010
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.