Current Approaches to Seasonal to Interannual Climate Predictions

Goddard, Lisa M.; Mason, Simon J.; Zebiak, Stephen E.; Ropelewski, Chester F.; Basher, Reid; Cane, Mark A.

This review paper presents an assessment of the current state of knowledge and capability in seasonal climate prediction at the end of the 20th century. The discussion covers the full range of issues involved in climate forecasting, including (1) the theory and empirical evidence for predictability; (2) predictions of surface boundary conditions, such as sea surface temperatures (SSTs) that drive the predictable part of the climate; (3) predictions of the climate; and (4) a brief consideration of the application of climate forecasts. Within this context, the research of the coming decades that seeks to address shortcomings in each area is described.


More About This Work

Academic Units
International Research Institute for Climate and Society
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
International Research Institute for Climate Prediction
IRI Technical Report, 00-01
Published Here
May 21, 2010


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