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Theses Doctoral

Synthesis and Reactivity of Highly Stabilized Cyclopentadienes

Radtke, Mark Alexander

This dissertation focuses on the development of cyclopentadienes as an emerging class of compounds for use in catalysis. Previous work in the Lambert group had established pentacarboxycyclopentadienes (PCCPs) as a promising class of Brønsted acids capable of being used as catalysts in acid-promoted reactions. The ease of their synthesis distinguished them from the comparable BINOL-derived phosphoric acids, and their unique mode of enantioinduction created opportunities for their use in enantioselective reactions.
Initial efforts were focused on the synthesis of leading to the development of two complementary methods for their synthesis. Chapter 2 details the improvements made to the transesterification of penta(methoxycarbonyl)cyclopentadiene, which allowed for sterically encumbered alcohols to be used. Further, a new method for accessing the penta-acyl chloride intermediate was developed, leading to the ability for a wide array of electron-deficient PCCPs to be synthesized.
The second half of the dissertation examines the use of electrophilic silicon reagents and their use as Lewis acids. Given our ability to access highly electron-deficient cyclopentadienes, the silyl cyclopentadienes were targeted as potential Lewis acids. Chapter 4 details the synthesis of these species, and their characterization. Having established a convenient route to silyl mono(carboxy)tetracyanocyclopentadienides, we examined their use as catalysts in halide abstraction reactions. Benzylic bromides could be activated and subsequently allylated, or arylated with a nucleophilic arene using allyltrimethylsilane as a sacrificial silyl source.

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More About This Work

Thesis Advisors
Lambert, Tristan H.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 10, 2018