Academic Commons


Soluble P-Selectin and the Risk of Primary Graft Dysfunction After Lung Transplantation

Kawut, Steven M.; Okun, Jeffrey; Shimbo, Daichi; Lederer, David J.; De Andrade, Joao; Lama, Vibha; Shah, Ashish; Milstone, Aaron; Ware, Lorraine B.; Weinacker, Ann; Demissie, Ejigayehu; Christie, Jason D.; Lung Transplant Outcomes Group

Background - Platelet activation with subsequent neutrophilic adherence to the vasculature initiates ischemia-reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that higher plasma P-selectin levels reflecting platelet activation would therefore be associated with primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after lung transplantation.

Methods - In a prospective, multicenter cohort study of 376 patients who had undergone lung transplantation between 2002 and 2007, we measured soluble P-selectin levels before lung transplantation and at 6 and 24 h after lung reperfusion in 20 patients with grade III PGD (Pao2/fraction of inspired oxygen, < 200 mm Hg [with alveolar infiltrates seen on chest radiographs]) at 72 h after transplantation and 61 control subjects without PGD.

Results - Higher postoperative soluble P-selectin levels were associated with an increased risk of PGD at 72 h after transplantation (odds ratio [OR] per 1 natural log increase in soluble P-selectin at 6 h after lung allograft reperfusion, 3.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 11.8; p = 0.048) and at 24 h after lung allograft reperfusion (OR, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.4 to 16.1; p = 0.01). Higher preoperative mean pulmonary artery pressure and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass were also associated with an increased risk of PGD.

Conclusion - Higher postoperative soluble P-selectin levels were associated with an increased risk of PGD at 72 h following lung transplantation.


Also Published In

More About This Work

Academic Units
Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health
Published Here
September 14, 2016
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.