Micelles, Magnets and Molecular Mechanisms: Application to Cage Effects and Isotope Separation

Turro, Nicholas J.

This report reviews the general problem of cage reactions of radical pairs and diradicals. Based on Wigner's spin conservation rule and the expectation that only singlet radical pairs can undergo cage reactions, a natural consequence is the expectation that it should be possible to observe magnetic effects on the reactions of radical pairs. It is shown that two types of magnetic effects should be possible: (1) Effects due to the application of the magnetic field of a laboratory magnet during a reaction; (2) Effects due to the interactions of nuclear magnetic momemts and electron magnetic moments. The experimental consequences of these magnetic effects are separation of isotopes based on differing nuclear magnetic moments and variation of the extent of cage reaction by variation of an applied field or by variation of nuclear magnetic moments. Striking experimental examples of these magnetic effects are provided by the photolysis of ketones in micellar solution and by the thermolysis of endoperoxides.


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Pure and Applied Chemistry

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July 30, 2010