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Theses Doctoral

Investigations into pathophysiologic mechanisms and treatment of primary mitochondrial diseases

Siegmund, Stephanie

The present work addresses outstanding questions within the field of primary mitochondrial disease biology and treatment, by incorporating methods from structural biology, molecular biology, and animal studies. First, we utilize a mouse model of mitochondrial deoxyribose nucleic acid (mtDNA) disease to demonstrate the potential therapeutic benefit of low-dose chronic rapamycin treatment. Interestingly, rapamycin therapy significantly extends survival, but does so in the absence of correcting the underlying mitochondrial defect. Next, we focus on human cellular models of mtDNA-based diseases, and show that rapamycin treatment does not induce mitochondrial quality control-mediated clearance of pathogenic mtDNA mutation-harboring organelles. Finally, we investigate a mitochondrial disease phenotype at the level of the organelle, by utilizing in situ cryo-electron tomography to demonstrate the ultrastructural consequences of a pathogenic mutation affecting mitochondrial energy production. We conclude by highlighting the insights into disease biology and treatment that can be gained through a multi-level approach integrating techniques from multiple biomedical fields.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Cellular, Molecular and Biomedical Studies
Thesis Advisors
Schon, Eric A.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
February 16, 2018