The body politic: the relationship between stigma and obesity-associated disease
Background: It is commonly believed that the pathophysiology of obesity arises from adiposity.
In this paper, I forward a complementary explanation; this pathophysiology arises not from
adiposity alone, but also from the psychological stress induced by the social stigma associated with
Methods: In this study, I pursue novel lines of evidence to explore the possibility that obesity associated
stigma produces obesity-associated medical conditions. I also entertain alternative
hypotheses that might explain the observed relationships.
Results: I forward four lines of evidence supporting the hypothesis that psychological stress plays
a role in the adiposity-health association. First, body mass index (BMI) is a strong predictor of
serological biomarkers of stress. Second, obesity and stress are linked to the same diseases. Third,
body norms appear to be strong determinants of morbidity and mortality among obese persons;
obese whites and women – the two groups most affected by weight-related stigma in surveys –
disproportionately suffer from excess mortality. Finally, statistical models suggest that the desire
to lose weight is an important driver of weight-related morbidity when BMI is held constant.
Conclusion: Obese persons experience a high degree of stress, and this stress plausibly explains
a portion of the BMI-health association. Thus, the obesity epidemic may, in part, be driven by social
constructs surrounding body image norms.
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Also Published In
- BMC Public Health
More About This Work
- Academic Units
- Health Policy and Management
- BioMed Central
- Published Here
- February 7, 2014