The body politic: the relationship between stigma and obesity-associated disease

Muennig, Peter A.

Background: It is commonly believed that the pathophysiology of obesity arises from adiposity.
In this paper, I forward a complementary explanation; this pathophysiology arises not from
adiposity alone, but also from the psychological stress induced by the social stigma associated with
being obese.
Methods: In this study, I pursue novel lines of evidence to explore the possibility that obesity associated
stigma produces obesity-associated medical conditions. I also entertain alternative
hypotheses that might explain the observed relationships.
Results: I forward four lines of evidence supporting the hypothesis that psychological stress plays
a role in the adiposity-health association. First, body mass index (BMI) is a strong predictor of
serological biomarkers of stress. Second, obesity and stress are linked to the same diseases. Third,
body norms appear to be strong determinants of morbidity and mortality among obese persons;
obese whites and women – the two groups most affected by weight-related stigma in surveys –
disproportionately suffer from excess mortality. Finally, statistical models suggest that the desire
to lose weight is an important driver of weight-related morbidity when BMI is held constant.
Conclusion: Obese persons experience a high degree of stress, and this stress plausibly explains
a portion of the BMI-health association. Thus, the obesity epidemic may, in part, be driven by social
constructs surrounding body image norms.


Also Published In

BMC Public Health

More About This Work

Academic Units
Health Policy and Management
BioMed Central
Published Here
February 7, 2014