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Post-Patch Retraining for Host-Based Anomaly Detection

Locasto, Michael E.; Cretu, Gabriela F.; Hershkop, Shlomo; Stavrou, Angelos

Applying patches, although a disruptive activity, remains a vital part of software maintenance and defense. When host-based anomaly detection (AD) sensors monitor an application, patching the application requires a corresponding update of the sensor's behavioral model. Otherwise, the sensor may incorrectly classify new behavior as malicious (a false positive) or assert that old, incorrect behavior is normal (a false negative). Although the problem of "model drift" is an almost universally acknowledged hazard for AD sensors, relatively little work has been done to understand the process of re-training a "live" AD model --- especially in response to legal behavioral updates like vendor patches or repairs produced by a self-healing system. We investigate the feasibility of automatically deriving and applying a "model patch" that describes the changes necessary to update a "reasonable" host-based AD behavioral model ({\it i.e.,} a model whose structure follows the core design principles of existing host--based anomaly models). We aim to avoid extensive retraining and regeneration of the entire AD model when only parts may have changed --- a task that seems especially undesirable after the exhaustive testing necessary to deploy a patch.

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Academic Units
Computer Science
Publisher
Department of Computer Science, Columbia University
Series
Columbia University Computer Science Technical Reports, CUCS-035-07
Published Here
April 27, 2011
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