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发展中国家的下游加工过程:机遇还是幻想?

Bond, James

石油,天然气和矿物生产是资本密集的活动,吸引外国直接投资(FDI),并生成对东道国政府的税收和特许权使用费。但他们不创造尽可能多的就业机会或提高技能的制造业或服务行业。在许多低收入国家,往往是出口原材料或中间材料加工等全球各地的。例如,尽管非洲拥有世界铝土矿储量的26%和世界铝土矿生产9%,只生产原铝的4%。资源丰富的发展中国家的领导人缺乏本地处理作为已成机会创造就业,技能开发和其余的经济联系。几十年来,他们都试图鼓励外国投资者不愿意投资于本地的加工能力。但是,从经济的角度来看,这可能是一个战略错误,因为原油或矿石加工成成品不直接增加多少价值。

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
Publisher
Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
Series
Columbia FDI Perspectives, 104
Published Here
September 25, 2013

Notes

An English version of this paper is available at http://hdl.handle.net/10022/AC:P:21810.

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