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Massive remobilization of permafrost carbon during post-glacial warming

Tesi, T.; Muschitiello, Francesco; Smittenberg, R. H.; Jakobsson, M.; Vonk, J. E.; Hill, P.; Andersson, A.; Kirchner, N.; Noormets, R.; Dudarev, O.; Semiletov, I.; Gustafsson, O.

Recent hypotheses, based on atmospheric records and models, suggest that permafrost carbon (PF-C) accumulated during the last glaciation may have been an important source for the atmospheric CO₂ rise during post-glacial warming. However, direct physical indications for such PF-C release have so far been absent. Here we use the Laptev Sea (Arctic Ocean) as an archive to investigate PF-C destabilization during the last glacial–interglacial period. Our results show evidence for massive supply of PF-C from Siberian soils as a result of severe active layer deepening in response to the warming. Thawing of PF-C must also have brought about an enhanced organic matter respiration and, thus, these findings suggest that PF-C may indeed have been an important source of CO₂ across the extensive permafrost domain. The results challenge current paradigms on the post-glacial CO₂ rise and, at the same time, serve as a harbinger for possible consequences of the present-day warming of PF-C soils.

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Title
Nature Communications
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13653

More About This Work

Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Publisher
Springer Nature
Published Here
December 5, 2016