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An Analysis of the Reading Strategies Used by Deaf and Hearing Adults: Similarities and Differences in Phonological Processing and Metacognition

Silvestri, Julia A.

This study is a mixed methods analysis of reading processes and language experiences of deaf and hearing readers. The sample includes four groups each with fifteen adults—identified as: deaf/high-achieving readers, deaf/struggling/non-academic readers, hearing/high-achieving readers, and hearing/non-academic readers. The purpose of this study is to identify factors related to reading achievement and to explore themes that emerge in the language experience and reading behaviors. The quantitative measures of the study are: a background demographics form, reading comprehension assessment, phonological skills assessment, metacognition assessment and think-aloud discussion with a reading strategy checklist where readers are guided through the process of decoding and interpreting the scene from a play. Scores from the reading comprehension assessment are correlated with other assessments and demographic statistics to identify factors of achievement. Similarities and differences between groups of readers are tested with one-way ANOVAs to identify mean differences in scores according to achievement level (skilled/struggling) and hearing status (deaf/hearing). Qualitative data are measured by collecting, reviewing and identifying shared themes in the transcripts of reading background interview and think-aloud discussions (open coding), relating codes and categories (axial coding), and determining a central theme (selective category). Results shows that deaf high-achieving readers perform at similar levels as hearing high-achieving readers, and that for all participants, phonology and metacognition are related to reading achievement; there are similarities and differences in their conceptualization of language; and access to varied instructional strategies and meaningful language experiences is an overarching theme in effective reading.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Physical Disabilities
Thesis Advisors
Wang, Ye
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
May 6, 2016