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The Effects of Gentrification on Subsidized-Housing Programs in New York City

Lee, Sinae

Over the several decades, rent-burdens for low-and moderate-income New Yorkers have continued to increase, leading to demands for more affordable housing. This trend has become only worse with citywide gentrification over time. Federal, state and city governments have implemented various subsidized housing programs to support more affordable housing units. One of the key determinants in stocks of affordable units is the opt-out rate, which is dependent on property owners’ decision to leave the program after the contract term. Thus, information on what factors make owners stay in or leave subsidy programs can be useful in policy-makers’ effort to preserve affordable housing units. This study examines factors associated with gentrification and their relationship with opt-out rate of subsidized rental housing programs. Through a statistical logistic regression model, this study investigated if factors associated with gentrification, such as median income, nearby property prices and other neighborhood conditions, have bigger impacts on owner’ decisions to stay or leave subsidy programs than other factors that generally affect property prices or owner’s decision to change property prices. The results suggested that gentrification predictors have substantial impacts on property’s opting-out, comparable to other control factors. The findings of this study highlights the importance of using extensive neighborhood data to develop an effective affordable housing preservation strategy.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Urban Planning
Thesis Advisors
Freeman, Lance M.
Degree
M.S., Columbia University
Published Here
June 21, 2016