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Locating, Characterizing, and Analyzing the LGBT Enclaves of New York City: An Assessment of the Use of Taxi Cab Origin-Destination Analysis in Locating Residential Clusters

Al Shehhi, Abdulla

This paper assesses the LGBT enclaves of New York City with regards to Location, Transportation Trends, Crime, and Demographical Analysis. In the past, enclaves were centered on LGBT bars, community centers, and hospices. Due to the ravages of gentrification and current neoliberal trends in the LGBT community, as well as the advent of the noveau social homonormativity, LGBT enclaves are in danger of becoming obsolete. Given the apparent spatial separation of LGBT enclaves and LGBT establishments, yet their assumed social relationship, I use taxicab data to identify LGBT residential clusters that are separated from LGBT institutions. I undertake a complete demographic, social, crime, income, and gentrification analysis to discern whether these enclaves face the same risk of gentrification than areas where LGBTs live in a heteronormative setting. I also use Quality of Life Indicators to assess and characterize the LGBT residential clusters. I expect the results to indicate that there are LGBT clusters that are spatially separated from neighborhoods that have LGBT institutions, and that these clusters house those of lower income brackets as well as those who identify as sexual minorities within the LGBT community. The significance of this paper is showcased through the introduction of an alternative methodology to identify the locations of minority clusters, as well as proving that LGBT clusters and enclaves do not necessarily have to surround LGBT bars.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Urban Planning
Thesis Advisors
Irazabal Zurita, Clara E.
Degree
M.S., Columbia University
Published Here
June 24, 2016