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Theses Doctoral

Neural and Ocular Signals Evoked by Visual Targets in Naturalistic Environments

Jangraw, David

This dissertation will use neural imaging, eye-tracking, machine learning, and system development to elucidate the process of visual decision-making in environments that simulate important elements of a human's natural experience. This "naturalistic visual decision-making" represents a relatively unexplored space in neuroscience: while the simplest reductions of visual decision-making are well studied, many of the complexities of natural environments - rich visual scenes, dynamic views, and subject agency - are absent in all but a few experiments. In this dissertation, we first characterize the effects of discrete evidence accumulation, an important element of processing complex stimuli, on visual decision-making. Next, we construct an experimental design environment to facilitate controlled studies of naturalistic visual decision-making. Finally, we develop a system that can apply our newfound understanding of naturalistic visual decision-making, test it in the experimental design environment, and leverage it into a practical BCI system. Taken together, these studies explore new avenues in neuroscience, machine learning, and application development.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Biomedical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Sajda, Paul
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
July 7, 2014