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Thyroid Autoantibodies Are Associated with a Reduced Prevalence of Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Women

Wang, George C.; Talor, Monica V.; Rose, Noel R.; Cappola, Anne R.; Chiou, Roger B.; Weiss, Carlos; Walston, Jeremy D.; Fried, Linda P.; Caturegli, Patrizio

Context: The contribution of autoimmunity to the multisystem dysregulation that characterizes the frailty syndrome in older adults is unknown. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between thyroid antibodies and frailty in older women. Design, Setting, and Participants: We conducted a cross-sectional study nested within the Women’s Health and Aging Studies I and II. Thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs), thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAbs), and antinuclear antibodies were measured in the baseline sera of 641 community-dwelling older women. Main Outcome Measure: Frailty was defined using a validated five-component measure. Results: The prevalence of prefrailty and frailty was lower in TgAb-positive than negative older women (37.1 vs. 47.8% and 6.7 vs.11.9%, respectively; P = 0.01 and 0.03). The prevalence of prefrailty, but not frailty, was lower in TPOAb-positive than negative women (38.9 vs. 48.0% and 10.1 vs. 11.3%; P = 0.04 and 0.34). After adjustment for covariates including serum thyroid stimulation hormone concentration and thyroid medication usage in multinomial regression models, TgAb-positive older women had lower odds of prefrailty and frailty compared with TgAb-negative women (odds ratio 0.57 and 0.30; 95% confidence interval 0.34–0.98 and 0.10–0.85, respectively). Similarly, TPOAb-positive older women had lower odds of frailty compared with TPOAb-negative women (odds ratio 0.44; 95% confidence interval 0.20–0.96). These trends were not observed with antinuclear antibodies. Conclusion: Independent of thyroid function status, community-dwelling older women who are seropositive for TgAbs and TPOAbs are less likely to be frail than seronegative women.

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Title
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-1991

More About This Work

Academic Units
Epidemiology
Publisher
The Endocrine Society
Published Here
September 15, 2015
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