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The “spaghetti bowl” of IIAs: The end of history?

Karl, Joachim

The universe of international investment agreements continues to grow, albeit at a slow pace and with a focus on regional agreements. This may further reduce the prospects for multilateral investment rulemaking and perpetuate the existing structure of the IIA regime.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
Columbia FDI Perspectives, 115
Published Here
March 5, 2014


A Chinese version of this paper is available at

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