Academic Commons

Reports

Entering a Program: Helping Students Make Academic and Career Decisions

Karp, Melinda Jane Mechur

In this literature review, the author examines the evidence on student decision making in the community college, focusing on the activities most relevant to students’ entry into programs of study—academic and career planning. Although there is a large body of theoretical discussion and empirical evidence on potentially effective approaches to guidance and counseling, a review of current advising and counseling practices reveals barriers to effective implementation of these approaches on community college campuses. As currently structured, community college advising is limited in its ability to assist students in identifying career goals and academic pathways that will help them achieve those goals. The literature reviewed in this paper points to four broad principles to guide restructuring efforts: (1) that program pathways should balance structure with exploration; (2) that career counseling should drive an integrated approach to advising; (3) that colleges should provide services to students based on their level of need; and (4) that colleges should strategically deploy resources to allow for developmental advising.

Files

  • thumnail for entering-a-program.pdf entering-a-program.pdf binary/octet-stream 615 KB Download File

More About This Work

Academic Units
Community College Research Center
Publisher
Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University
Series
CCRC Working Paper, 59
Published Here
February 12, 2014
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.