MicroRNA-206: Effective Inhibition of Gastric Cancer Progression through the c-Met Pathway

Zheng, Zhiqiang; Yan, Dongsheng; Li, Guangjing; Chen, Xiaoyan; Huang, He; Zhou, Linglin; Chen, Ke; Zheng, Dandan; Tu, LiLi; Dong, Xiang Da

MicroRNAs are endogenous short chain nucleotide RNAs that regulate gene function by direct binding of target mRNAs. In this study, we investigated the effects of microRNA-206 (miR-206) on the development of gastric cancer. miR-206 was first confirmed to be downregulated in gastric cancer specimens. Conversely, upregulation of c-Met was confirmed in tissue samples of human gastric cancer, with its level inversely correlated with miR-206 expression. Introduction of miR-206 inhibited cellular proliferation by inducing G1 cell cycle arrest, as well as migration and invasion. Moreover, important proliferation and/or migration related molecules such as c-Met, CDK4, p-Rb, p-Akt and p-ERK were confirmed to be downregulated by Western blot analysis. Targeting of c-Met also directly affected AGS cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In vivo, miR-206 expressing tumor cells also displayed growth delay in comparison to unaffected tumor cells. Our results demonstrated that miR-206 suppressed c-Met expression in gastric cancer and could function as a potent tumor suppressor in c-Met overexpressing tumors. Inhibition of miR-206 function could contribute to aberrant cell proliferation and migration, leading to gastric cancer development.


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January 12, 2016