Academic Commons

Articles

Rapid and sustained surface ocean acidification during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum

Penman, Donald E.; Hoenisch, Baerbel; Zeebe, Richard E.; Thomas, Ellen; Zachos, James C.

The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) has been associated with the release of several thousands of petagrams of carbon (Pg C) as methane and/or carbon dioxide into the ocean-atmosphere system within ~10 kyr, on the basis of the co-occurrence of a carbon isotope excursion (CIE), widespread dissolution of deep sea carbonates, and global warming. In theory, this rapid carbon release should have severely acidified the surface ocean, though no geochemical evidence has yet been presented. Using boron-based proxies for surface ocean carbonate chemistry, we present the first observational evidence for a drop in the pH of surface and thermocline seawater during the PETM. Planktic foraminifers from a drill site in the North Pacific (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1209) show a ~0.8‰ decrease in boron isotopic composition (δ11B) at the onset of the event, along with a 30–40% reduction in shell B/Ca. Similar trends in δ11B are present in two lower-resolution records from the South Atlantic and Equatorial Pacific. These observations are consistent with significant, global acidification of the surface ocean lasting at least 70 kyr and requiring sustained carbon release. The anomalies in the B records are consistent with an initial surface pH drop of ~0.3 units, at the upper range of model-based estimates of acidification.

Files

  • thumnail for Penman_et_al._2014__1_.pdf Penman_et_al._2014__1_.pdf application/pdf 527 KB Download File

More Information

Published In
Paleoceanography
Publisher DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/2014PA002621
Volume
29
Issue
5
Pages
357 - 369
Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.