2016 Theses Doctoral
Looking for Matthew: The Effects of Private Tutoring on the Educational Outcomes of Fourth Grade Public School Students in Cambodia
Using the World Bank Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) 2004 data, propensity score matching is utilized to infer a causal impact of private tutoring on the numeracy, literacy, and total outcomes for fourth grade public school students. This research finds that students who self-report that they participate in private tutoring everyday as compared to their peers who never participate in private tutoring scored higher in literacy, numeracy, and total scores. A small Matthew Effect was found as the statistically significant variables used as predictors aligned with socio-economic status. This alignment depicts that the rich become academically richer while the poor become academically poorer. The hybrid public-private education system in Cambodia may be exacerbating inequity for the most marginalized populations.
- HarrisVanKeuren_columbia_0054D_13170.pdf binary/octet-stream 1.83 MB Download File
More About This Work
- Academic Units
- Comparative and International Education
- Thesis Advisors
- Levin, Henry M.
- Ph.D., Columbia University
- Published Here
- March 8, 2016