Recent advances in our understanding of human host responses to tuberculosis

Schluger, Neil W.

Tuberculosis remains one of the world’s greatest public health challenges: 2 billion persons have latent infection, 8 million people develop active tuberculosis annually, and 2–3 million die. Recently, significant advances in our understanding of the human immune response against tuberculosis have occurred. The present review focuses on recent work in macrophage and T-cell biology that sheds light on the human immune response to tuberculosis. The role of key cytokines such as interferon-γ is discussed, as is the role of CD4⁺ and CD8⁺ T cells in immune regulation in tuberculosis, particularly with regard to implications for vaccine development and evaluation.


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Respiratory Research

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September 9, 2014


CD4+ cell, CD8+ cell, immunity, interferon, tuberculosis