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Variation of Modal Parameters of a Highway Bridge Extracted from Six Earthquake Records

Feng, Maria Q.; Ulusoy, Hasan; Gomez, Hugo

Between 2005 and 2010 six earthquakes triggered a monitoring system consisting of 11 acceleration channels installed on the West Street On-Ramp, a three-span curved highway bridge located in the city of Anaheim, California. In this paper, three different system identification techniques are applied to the acceleration records to investigate and corroborate the dynamic properties of the bridge, that is, vibration frequencies, associated damping ratios and mode shapes. The identification techniques are applied to each one of the six seismic events. The identified frequencies and damping ratios are shown to be dependent variables of the earthquake intensity. In general, larger earthquake intensities result in reduced vibration frequencies and higher damping ratios of the bridge. Sensitivity analysis using a simple finite element model reveals that soil softening at the abutments considerably contributes to the variation in frequencies because of changes in the support conditions and ultimately in the global stiffness of the structure. In addition, mathematical models in the state space description are identified from the recorded response and excitation measurements. The state space models successfully replicate the bridge measured response to the earthquake from which it is constituted. The models also provide a reasonable prediction of the bridge response to a different earthquake.

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Title
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.2227

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Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 29, 2013