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Overexpression of Map3k7 activates sinoatrial node-like differentiation in mouse ES-derived cardiomyocytes

Brown, Kemar; Legros, Stephanie; Ortega, Francis A.; Dai, Yunkai; Doss, Michael Xavier; Christini, David J.; Robinson, Richard B.; Foley, Ann C.

In vivo, cardiomyocytes comprise a heterogeneous population of contractile cells defined by unique electrophysiologies, molecular markers and morphologies. The mechanisms directing myocardial cells to specific sub-lineages remain poorly understood. Here we report that overexpression of TGFβ-Activated Kinase (TAK1/Map3k7) in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells faithfully directs myocardial differentiation of embryoid body (EB)-derived cardiac cells toward the sinoatrial node (SAN) lineage. Most cardiac cells in Map3k7-overexpressing EBs adopt markers, cellular morphologies, and electrophysiological behaviors characteristic of the SAN. These data, in addition to the fact that Map3k7 is upregulated in the sinus venous—the source of cells for the SAN—suggest that Map3k7 may be an endogenous regulator of the SAN fate.

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Pharmacology
Published Here
March 22, 2018
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