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Optical Threshold Layer and Intermediate State Two-Photon PAG Approaches to Double Exposure Lithography

Berro, Adam J.; Gu, Xinyu; O'Connor, Naphtali; Jockusch, Steffen; Nagai, Tomoki; Ogata, Toshiyuki; Zimmerman, Paul; Rice, Bryan J.; Adolph, Elizabeth; Byargeon, Travis; Gonzalez, Jose; Turro, Nicholas J.; Willson, C. Grant

Intermediate state two-photon (ISTP) photoacid generator (PAG) and optical threshold layer (OTL) approaches to double exposure lithography have been explored. We have synthesized "transparent" PAG and sensitizer compounds for use in ISTP systems and have demonstrated the possibility of utilizing such energy transfer systems to generate acid. We have also synthesized side chain liquid crystalline polymers and small molecule azobenzene compounds for use in OTL applications and have begun photoswitching studies.

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Title
Proceedings of SPIE
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.814295

More About This Work

Academic Units
Chemistry
Published Here
July 22, 2010
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