Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Mood Disorders. II. Comparison of Major Depression and Alzheimer's Disease

Sackeim, Harold A.; Prohovnik, Isak; Moeller, James R.; Mayeux, Richard Paul; Stern, Yaakov; Devanand, Devangere P.

We contrasted regional cerebral blood flow in matched groups of 30 patients with major depression,30 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 30 normal controls using the 133Xe inhalation technique. Whereas both the depressed and AIzheimer's disease groups had markedly reduced global cortical blood flow, the Scaled Subproflle Model,developed to identify abnormalities in regional networks, indicated that they had distinct topographic profiles. Previous findings of an abnormal regional network in major depression were unaltered by the inclusion of Alzheimer's disease patients in the analysis. Alzheimer's disease was associated with a distinct parietotemporal deficit and the degree of this abnormality strongly covaried with cognitive impairment. Alzheimer's disease patients also had abnormal manifestation of three other regional networks. We illustrate a method for distinguishing when a disease imposes a new pattern of interactions among brain regions and when a disease alters the expression of regional patterns characteristic of normal functioning.


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Journal of Nuclear Medicine

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February 24, 2018