User association for energy harvesting relay stations in cellular networks

Wang, Zhe; Wang, Xiaodong; Aldiab, Motasem; Jaber, Tareq

We consider a cellular wireless network enhanced by relay stations that are powered by renewable energy sources. Such a network consists of the macro base stations (BS), relay stations (RSs), and many mobile stations (MSs). In addition to the traditional data/voice transmission between the BS and the MSs, a higher service tier may be provided by using the energy harvesting RSs for some MSs. We propose a network scenario utilizing the energy harvesting relay stations to improve the service quality without taking the additional licensed frequency band and transmission power, and design a user association algorithm for the energy harvesting RSs in such a network. The goal is to assign each MS an RS for relaying its signal to minimize the probability of the relay service outage, i.e, the probability that an MS’s relay service request is rejected. First, we propose a network scenario and develop a mathematical model to estimate the rejection probability for a given user association. We then propose a low-complexity local search algorithm, which balances the computational complexity and the performance, to obtain a locally optimal user association. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed techniques over the traditional methods.


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Also Published In

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking

More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Published Here
March 30, 2016