An Analysis of the Japanese Credit Network

Stiglitz, Joseph E.; Greenwald, Bruce C.; De Masi, Giulia; Fujiwara, Yoshi; Gallegati, Mauro

An analysis of the Japanese credit market in 2004 between banks and quoted firms is done in this paper using the tools of the networks theory. It can be pointed out that: (i) a backbone of the credit channel emerges, where some links play a crucial role. (ii) Big banks favor long-term contracts. The "minimal spanning trees" (iii) disclose a highly hierarchical backbone, where the central positions are occupied by the largest banks, and (iv) a strong geographical characterization is emphasized, while (v) the clusters of firms do not have specific common properties. Moreover, (vi) while larger firms have multiple lending stakes, (vii) the demand for credit (long vs. short term debt and multi-credit lines) of firms with similar sizes is very heterogeneous.



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Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review

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March 26, 2013