Double Exposure Materials: Simulation Study of Feasibility

Byers, Jeffrey; Lee, Saul; Jen, Kane; Zimmerman, Paul; Turro, Nicholas J.; Willson, C. Grant

Double patterning and double exposure techniques have been proposed as possible methods for reducing half pitch resolution below k1=0.25. Both methods have the potential to reduce the theoretical lithographic half pitch to k1=0.125. Double patterning is a process-intensive method that requires multiple coat, develop, and etch steps to achieve the low k1 imaging. Double exposure processes have been proposed that do not require multiple coat, develop, or etch steps. Potentially, double exposure processes will have a lower cost of ownership that double patterning. However, double exposure materials have not yet been proven to work experimentally. Before applying significant effort to develop double exposure materials, their feasibility can be determined using rigorous simulation techniques. This work presents a feasibility study of four types of double exposure materials and their potential process windows.


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Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology

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July 22, 2010